Sensitive Gums: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

sensitive gums

Sensitivity gums are discomfort caused by eating or drinking hot, cold, sweet, or sour foods and drinks or even breathing cold air. Sharp, sudden pain can strike deep into dental nerve ends.

Specific actions, such as brushing, eating, and drinking, might produce severe, temporary discomfort in your teeth if you have sensitive gums. Sensitive teeth are usually the result of worn enamel or exposed tooth roots.

Other reasons, such as a cavity, a cracked or chipped tooth, a worn filling, or gum disease, can also cause dental discomfort.

Causes sensitive gums

Even if you’re someone who takes good care of their teeth, you might be wondering why your gums are so sensitive.

Sore gums might be caused by underlying medical disorders or by less serious causes such as discomfort from your mouthguard.

Brushing Too Hard

Because some people’s gums are sensitive to pressure, especially if they have gum disease, brushing too hard or using a highly abrasive toothpaste might irritate them.

To achieve a great clean, you don’t need a stiff toothbrush; instead, it’s all about technique. Consider using a toothbrush with a soft bristle.

To remove bacteria that has already calcified into tartar, massage your gums in back and forth motions rather than brushing aggressively. Also, if your toothpaste hurts your gums, consider switching to a sensitive-mouth toothpaste.

Hormonal Changes

Some reasons for sore gums, such as hormonal changes during pregnancy, are beyond your control. Hormone changes alter how germs in your mouth interact with your body.

Even if you don’t have sore gums, consult your doctor regularly during your pregnancy to reduce your risk of gum disease and tooth decay.

Food or Appliance Irritation

Like the rest of your body, your mouth is adaptable and responsive to environmental changes. Irritation from your diet or a dental appliance is a common cause of sensitive gums.

If you wear a dental appliance or consume unhealthy foods or beverages daily, your oral health may suffer.


Your stress level has a significant impact on your oral health. After all, you’re more prone to grind your teeth when you’re anxious, which can lead to painful gums.

Highly emotional persons are more prone to infections, including gum disease, because stress reduces the immune system’s efficacy.

Prevention sensitive gums

People can help protect their teeth’s enamel and avoid dental sensitivity by doing the following:

  • brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day
  • taking a break from teeth whitening
  • sweet, starchy, and acidic meals should be used in moderation
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • using a mouthguard to reduce teeth grinding and clenching at night
  • visiting the dentist regularly
  • quitting smoking

Tooth Decay

A cavity is a small portion of decay that gradually eats away at the tooth. A cavity will start tiny and devour the enamel before moving to the dentin.

When decay reaches this sensitive dentin, you may notice on-and-off sensitivity, which signifies that something is wrong. If a cavity is not treated right away, it can become severe enough to have a root canal.

Home treatments for sensitive gums

Hot or cold compresses

Applying a hot or cold compress to the gums might help reduce swelling and relieve pain.

Massage your gum

It’s possible to get some relief by massaging your gun. Use a clean finger to massage your gums in a circular motion on the top and side of your gums.

Salt Water

Gargling with salt water can help prevent the growth of dangerous bacteria on the gums.

Tea Bags

As if you were making tea, soak a tea bag in boiling water for at least 5 minutes. Allow the tea bag to cool for a few minutes before applying it to the affected gums.

Choose an astringent tea, such as green tea, black tea, or hibiscus tea, rather than just any tea. Teas with anti-inflammatory qualities, such as chamomile and ginger, are good choices. Teabags are an excellent technique to relieve sore gum

Sensitive gums are a big problem in today's world because of our eating habits. In this article, we provide cause and home treatment for sensitive gums.


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